Washington Post. Lytton Strachey Biography Eminent Victorians Questions and Answers The Question and Answer section for Eminent Victorians is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. A. Richards (1893–1979) and F. R. Leavis (1895–1978) as elitist and apolitical. Since the 1990s Queer theorists have championed Strachey—with his effeminate style of dress, high voice, and penchant for Wildean satire—as a camp artist. ." He also spent his Thursday evenings in the decade before World War I at the Gordon Square home of Virginia and Vanessa Stephen. The biography of Strachey is really a biography of the Bloomsbury Group. World Encyclopedia. The war was a direct challenge, as Lytton saw it, to Bloomsbury pacifist principles. Lytton Strachey was an English writer in the interwar period. The biographer Lytton Strachey belonged to the Bloomsbury Group. (December 21, 2020). Though he spent some years at boarding schools, including Abbotsholme and Leamington College, he received much of his education at home. The biographer's responsibility was to preserve both a becoming brevity and his own freedom of spirit, which for Strachey meant illustrating … He is often credited with adding the psychological dimension to modern biography. Encyclopedia.com. Lytton Strachey, in full Giles Lytton Strachey, (born March 1, 1880, London--died Jan. 21, 1932, Ham Spray House, near Hungerford, Berkshire, Eng. A teenager at the time of Oscar Wilde's trials for homosexuality, the young Strachey had struggled with what he called his "unnatural" desires, but at Cambridge he experienced a liberating moment in his sexual development. ", The decline of Strachey's reputation came soon after his death. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. STRACHEY, LYTTON (1880–1932), English writer, member of the Bloomsbury Group. ." DIED: 1941, Lewes, Sussex, England His father, Sir Richard Strachey, was a colonial Indian civil servant and civil engineer and a British army general; he was a typical Victorian explorer/ scientist. But human relationships were the nexus of life itself. It is hard for the satirist not to treat the world and its problems as pure comedy. Strachey's painstaking biographer, Michael Holroyd, revealed the Strachey letters, laying it all out in two volumes in 1967 and 1968 ("two fat volumes," as Strachey would have said). Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. As Cambridge undergraduates they were privileged to join a society called "The Apostles", an elite, exotic group devoted to the arts and an ambivalent way of life in which traditional wisdom and customary middle-class morals were discarded, especially where sex was concerned. He was a spoiled child, of frail health, and always withdrawn. "Strachey, (Giles) Lytton His works include Eminent Victorians (1918), Queen Victoria (1921), and Elizabeth and Essex (1928). The war was of no consequence to Lytton's endless "partying" in country houses, nor to his writing schedule. London, 1971. Encyclopedia.com. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. . Strachey eschewed the standard "two fat volumes" of Victorian biographies (he saw these tomes as "hagiographies": treatment of the illustrious dead). Strachey also endured intense criticism while still alive from contemporaries like Rupert Brooke and D. H. Lawrence, who regarded his homosexuality as a corrupting influence among the younger generations at Cambridge. In 1915 Strachey met the young art student Dora Carrington and, despite her subsequent marriage to Ralph Partridge and Strachey's love affairs, the couple shared a home for the next seventeen years. Strachey was not a historical revisionist; for that he would have to have been a scholar. NATIONALITY: British BORN: 1922, London, England GENRE: Nonfiction . Lytton Strachey was born on March 1, 1880 in London, England as Giles Lytton Strachey. "—John Rothenstein, New York Times "Written with vivacity and scrupulousness. After his death in 1932 from cancer, Carrington committed suicide, noting in her diary that she was unable to live without Strachey. He left the "petticoat world of Victorian schoolrooms" for Liverpool University in 1897, where Professor Walter Raleigh, his tutor in history and literature, was the main object of Lytton's hero worship. Some scholars, however, have questioned Strachey's feminist sympathies and have portrayed his relationship with Dora Carrington as that of patriarch and household drudge. His aim was to paint a portrait; and though this led to caricature and sometimes, through tendentious selection of material, to inaccuracy, he taught biographers a sense of form and of background, and he sharpened their critical acumen. He saw politics largely as intrigue, religion as a ludicrous anachronism, and personal relations as life’s supremely important facet. The themes, common to the four biographical sketches of the volume, were the sacred icons of Victorian sentiment: patriotic fervor and Christian messianic zeal, the ideal of the "public" school, and humanitarianism, as opposed to what Strachey thought were the perils of upper-class education, self-interested do-goodism, and, above all, the sins of Victorian imperialism. The portrait of Strachey is a gentle and affectionate one. Encyclopedia of World Biography. DIED: 1951, Paris, France Encyclopedia.com. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. Surrounded by those he regarded as fellow "Greek souls," Strachey became a vocal advocate of the physical and spiritual superiority of all-male love. Updates? . World Encyclopedia. Rosenbaum, S. P., ed. Encyclopedia of Modern Europe: Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire. ), English biographer and critic who opened a new era of biographical writing at the close of World War I. Almost instantly the postwar era plunged into "anti-Victorianism." This edition includes Holroyd's commentary on the process of preparing the biography and working with the people who knew Lytton Strachey. He had made his first real impact on the literary world with Eminent Victorians (1918), in which he presented the early twentieth-century reader with a series of iconoclastic portraits of some of the idols of the previous century. MAJOR WORKS: He was rather an artist with words. and find homework help for other Eminent Victorians questions at eNotes There was an element of theater, of almost pantomime, in Strachey's treatment of the Victorians. Although Strachey once joked that politics were as exciting as a game of bridge, he supported his mother's and sisters' efforts for women's suffrage, protested World War I, and opposed censorship. ." British biographer and literary critic, Lytton Strachey at Ham Spray, Wiltshire, the home he shared with painter, Dora Carrington andassociated with the 'Bloomsbury Group' circle of friends. He inaugurated the new era of biographical writing at the close of World War I. He was a writer, known for Gloriana (1984), Gloriana (2013) and Gloriana (2018). Strachey was one of the literary influences that partly destroyed the ghost of the Victorian era in the 1920s. I envy him his access to these remarkable people, including Frances Partridge, James Strachey, a This was an extremely well-written, well-organized, enjoyable biography. (December 21, 2020). NATIONALITY: British Lytton Strachey - A Critical Biography [Vol.1] (THE UNKNOWN YEARS 1880-1910, 1880-1910) by MICHAEL HOLROYD and a great selection of related books, art … GENRE: Fiction, drama . One of the leading "Bloomsberries" was the "stream of consciousness" novelist Virginia Woolf (1882-1941), the sister of Vanessa Bell. He had an air of sick, melancholic sadness; he sagged. The Apostles were personally affected by the philosophy of G. E. Moore. New York, 2002. Michael Holroyd's two-volume biography of Strachey in 1968 (revised in 1995) offers a complex picture of a literary and sexual rebel still struggling with Victorian mores and legal codes as well as his own insecurities. Taddeo, Julie Anne. Lytton Strachey, in full Giles Lytton Strachey, (born March 1, 1880, London—died Jan. 21, 1932, Ham Spray House, near Hungerford, Berkshire, Eng. 2 vols. At the time it was published Eminent Victorians was seen as a savage attack on the reputation of a number of English heroes. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/giles-lytton-strachey. After writing on Augustus John and Bernard Shaw, in 1994, Holroyd again revised the biography into a single volume, Lytton Strachey: The New Biography. . "Giles Lytton Strachey Lytton Strachey and the Search for Modern Sexual Identity: The Last Eminent Victorian. An interesting account of Strachey and other members of the Bloomsbury group is provided by John Keith Johnstone, in The Bloomsbury Group; a study of E.M. Forster, Lytton Strachey, Virginia Woolf, and Their Circle (Noonday Press, 1954). He revisited the work by popular request and in 1971 released two revised volumes for Penguin Press: Lytton Strachey: A Biography and Lytton Strachey and the Bloomsbury Group. Michael Holroyd is the author of acclaimed biographies of George Bernard Shaw, the painter Augustus John, Lytton Strachey, and Ellen Terry and Henry Irving, as well as two memoirs, Basil Street Blues and Mosaic.Knighted for his services to literature, he is the president emeritus of the Royal Society of Literature and the only nonfiction writer to have been awarded the David Cohen British Prize Adopting an irreverent attitude to the past and especially to the monumental life-and-letters volumes of Victorian biography, Strachey proposed to write lives … ." Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This quiz sorts out the truth about beloved authors and stories, old and new. Lytton Strachey as a biographer. Encyclopedia.com. We've arranged the synonyms in length order so that they are easier to find. It was at Trinity College, and later at King's College, that he met most of his intellectual friends, among them the philosopher G. E. Moore (1873-1958), the economist John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946), the novelist E. M. Forster (1879-1970), the critic and publisher Leonard Woolf (1880-1969), and the art critic Clive Bell (1881-1964). During World War I, Strachey was a conscientious objector, but his impact on the larger public would be felt most strongly in 1918 with the publication of his best-selling work, Eminent Victorians. Holroyd, Michael. Encyclopedia of Modern Europe: Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire. The Bloomsberries would "jump from sex to sex in making love. BORN: 1795, Ecclefechan, Scotland Holroyd, Michael, ed. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Lytton Strachey, Writer: Gloriana. Lytton Strachey saw in Moore's doctrines the importance of aesthetic experience and the gospel of personal friendship. André Gide His following works included Queen Victoria (1921), which was awarded the James Tait Black Memorial Prize, Elizabeth and Essex (1928), and Portraits in Miniature (1931). The Immo…, Amis, Kingsley Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. The Bloomsbury Group: A Collection of Memoirs, Commentary, and Criticism. Adopting an irreverent attitude to the past and especially to the monumental life-and-letters volumes of Victorian biography, Strachey proposed to write lives with “a brevity which excludes everything that is redundant and nothing that is significant.” He is best known for Eminent Victorians—short sketches of the Victorian idols Cardinal Manning, Florence Nightingale, Thomas Arnold, and Gen. Charles “Chinese” Gordon. Giles Lytton Strachey; 1 March 1880 – 21 January 1932) was a British writer and critic.. A founding member of the Bloomsbury Group and author of Eminent Victorians, he is best known for establishing a new form of biography in which psychological insight and sympathy are combined with irreverence and wit.His biography Queen Victoria (1921) was awarded the James Tait Black Memorial Prize. The C…, Woolf, Virginia Treating his subjects from a highly idiosyncratic point of view, he was fascinated by personality and motive and delighted in pricking the pretensions of the great and reducing them to somewhat less than life-size. ytton Strachey (1880-1932) was an essayist and biographer, and a prominent member of London's culturally élite Bloomsbury Group. Arnold?' DIED: 1933, London, England Giles Lytton Strachey was the eleventh of thirteen children born to Sir Richard Strachey, engineer and Indian colonial servant, and Jane Grant, essayist and suffragist. Encyclopedia.com. They joined such other members of what became known as the Bloomsbury Group as Keynes, Clive Bell, Roger Fry, and Leonard Woolf for drinks and conversations about philosophy, art, religion, and politics. "Strachey, (Giles) Lytton He published critical writings, especially on French literature, but his greatest achievement was in biography. Leonard Woolf (1960) was on target, when he described the critic as "a strange character.". □. A founding member of the Bloomsbury Group and author of Eminent Victorians (1918), he is best known for establishing a new form of biography in which psychological insight and sympathy are combined with irreverence and wit. Lytton Strachey (March 1, 1880–January 21, 1932) was an English writer and critic. Strachey Strachey, (Giles) Lytton (1880–1932) English biographer and essayist, a member of the Bloomsbury Group. In his preface, Strachey enunciated the two fold principle of selection and scrutiny which was to … Strachey was fairly tall and excessively thin, with a disguising rust beard and a shrill voice. the best literary biography to appear for many years. GENRE: Fiction, nonfiction He began a new six-year phase of his life at Cambridge: the world suddenly opened up in 1899. He wrote a number of histories including a biography of Queen Victoria and another work called Eminent Victorians. Even though Lytton's family members on both sides were well-connected and prosperous, the large parental home in unfashionable Bayswater was "suffocating" to him. ." The portrait of Strachey is a … Lytton had previously proposed marriage to Virginia (which he did not mean), but she had turned him down. Lytton Strachey: A Critical Biography. The biography of Strachey is really a biography of the Bloomsbury Group. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/giles-lytton-strachey, "Giles Lytton Strachey Feminist scholars rediscovered Bloomsbury in the 1960s and especially applauded Strachey and Virginia Woolf as advocates of androgyny and sexual freedom. ." "Eminent" in the book's title was satirical. 21 Dec. 2020 . Lytton Strachey’s brother James Strachey was still alive during the original writing. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. He was the eleventh of thirteen children of an upper-middle-class family. Lytton Strachey was born in London on March 1, 1880. . One critic in 1931 isolated one word, "preposterous," which Strachey used over and over again, about his stick-figure characters.