BDS 4th Year We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Chronic periodontitis is often associated with severe orofacial pain. 69.3% 65 to 74 years old. Its diagnostic protocol includes a dental medical history, a clinical periodontal examination and a radiological examination. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. CONTENTS Introduction History Classification Prevalence Clinical features Symptom Disease distribution Disease severity Disease progression Risk factors Pathogenesis Diagnosis Clinical Radiographic Prognosis Treatment Non surgical Surgical Conclusion References 3 PART I PART II 819‐28 Herrera et al. The features of periapical inflammatory lesions vary depending on the time course of the lesion. Pain. Moreover, genes related to apoptosis, antimicrobial humoral response, antigen presentation, regulation of metabolism, signal transduction and angiogenesis were found to be differently expressed in periodontitis and healthy subjects . After 6 years, the patient experienced dull pain in and pus discharge from #17. Treatment usually includes improving oral hygiene, dental scaling and root planing, as well as systemic and local antibiotic therapy. It's usually ongoing and develops gradually. Periodontitis is a serious infection of the gums. FIG. CHRONIC If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. of chronic periodontitis: a randomized, placebo‐controlled clinical trial. Highfield, 2009 Chronic periodontitis Clinical. Like other conditions intimately related to access to hygiene and basic medical monitoring and care, periodontitis tends to be more common in economically disadvantaged populations or regions. INTRODUCTION Chronic periodontitis, formerly known as adult periodontitis or chronic adult periodontitis, is the most prevalent form of periodontitis. Since all the research between 1999 to 2017 has been done under these two headings, it becomes essential to understand the criteria that were used to classify the chronic and aggressive periodontitis. chronic periodontitis in susceptible patients. Additional longitudinal studies are needed to validate salivary IL-1β as a marker for periodontal disease. The bacteria form plaque, a film that enables them to attach firmly to the surface of your teeth. Conclusions: The data indicate that IL‐1β levels are raised in the saliva of patients with chronic periodontitis, which are reduced after phase I therapy, suggesting a close association between salivary IL‐1β and periodontitis. Ten patients with a diagnosis of chronic periodontitis (20 localized chronic periodontitis sites) in the age group of 35 to 55 were selected. [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Entire Body System. 4718. Chronic periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis involves com plex. 88.107 Two views show generalized bone loss. There are many factors that influence how rapidly the periodontium is destroyed.1; In chronic periodontitis, there is no well-defined pattern of bone loss. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. 88.105 Advanced chronic periodontitis was seen. In generalized aggressive periodontitis, most permanent teeth are affected. Chronic Periodontitis. In conclusion, P. gingivalis HmuY might play an important role in the immunopathogenesis of chronic periodontitis to evoke inflammatory responses, inhibit apoptosis, and interact with other bacterial species in biofilm formation (Figure 1). Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. 93.4% 35 to 44 years old >3 mm. (12083). Clinical presentation differs based on age of patient and lesion number, distribution, severity, and location within the dental arch. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Sheyla Christinne Lira Montenegro, Belen Retamal‐Valdes, Bruno Bueno‐Silva, Poliana Mendes Duarte, Marcelo Faveri, Luciene Cristina Figueiredo, Magda Feres, Do patients with aggressive and chronic periodontitis exhibit 88.106 Generalized bone loss occurred in a 38-year-old woman with moderate chronic periodon titis. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. As the American Dental Association notes, asymptomatic apical periodontitis was once referred to as chronic periapical periodontitis. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Periodontal diseases are infectious diseases caused by bacteria in the dental plaque [1]. 97.5% 65 to 74 years old. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Chronic periodontitis predominantly affects adults, but aggressive periodontitis may occasionally occur in children. Compared with white Americans, Mexican-Americans have both a higher prevalence and more severe disease presentation. Periodontal disease comprises of a group of inflammatory conditions of the supportive tissues of the teeth that are caused by bacteria. On presentation a purulent exudate could be expressed from all of the pockets. Chronic periodontitis is a form of periodontitis (gum disease) that progresses slowly over a long period of time. Corbet, 2009 Epidemiology. Acute gingival infections- Dr Harshavardhan Patwal, No public clipboards found for this slide. Module 8 Management of Periodontal Disease in HIV-Infected Patients – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 7d75ed-OGUwZ Imaging Features. 30 (4) pp. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Its occurrence decreases with a higher standard of living. FIG. Severe periodontitis requires periodontal treatment is required. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS Presented By : Dr. Vartika Srivastava 2 3. However, the pocket depth may be overestimated when periodontitis is present and underestimated in healthy gums. Chronic periodontitis affects about 750 million people or about 10.8% of the world population as of 2010. 39. Chronic periodontitis is more prevalent in the adult population but can occur in younger patients too. Although chronic periodontitis is most frequently observed in adults, it can occur in children and adolescents in response to chronic plaque and calculus accumulation. As periodontitis … Periodontal Disease and You. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Stay tuned for our next blog entry, in which we will discuss our most common prescribed treatments for periodontal disease at Rusnak Family Dentistry. Chronic gingivitis. Surgical therapy will depend on each individual case. Conclusions: The data indicate that IL-1β levels are raised in the saliva of patients with chronic periodontitis, which are reduced after phase I therapy, suggesting a close association between salivary IL-1β and periodontitis. View Chronic-periodontitis.ppt from SOCIAL SCI 101 at INSEAD Asia Campus. Journal of clinical periodontology (2003) vol. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. FIG. When this plaque spreads below the gums, the toxins released by the bacteria irritate the gums. Periodontal examintation,diagnosis and prognosis, Periodontal disease: diagnosis, prevention, treatment, Periodontal Diesase Classification (presentation), Case report Chronic Generalized periodontitis with Type 2 DM, No public clipboards found for this slide. Journal of clinical periodontology (2006) vol. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. in a 54-year-old man who had hygiene neglect an d. smoking as contributing factors. Diego Halab Robles Programa de Doctorado en Ciencias Mdicas Unversidad Austral de Chile Periodontitis. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Since the 1999 workshop, substantial new information has emerged from population studies, basic science investigations, and the evidence from prospective studies evaluating environmental and systemic risk factors. Role of periodontitis in pregnancy outcome Periodontitis. More serious periodontitis cases however may necessitate periodontal surgery. that occurred in a 45-year-old male smoker with. Chronic periodontitis progresses at an annual rate of about 0.2 to 0.25 mm, but rates are very difficult to estimate. advanced chronic periodontitis. The clinical presentation does not necessarily correlate with the histologic or imaging findings. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. It’s caused by bacteria that have been allowed to accumulate on your teeth and gums. Keywords: Chronic periodontitis, Refractory periodontitis, Blood, Saliva, Functional and pathway enrichment analysis, MiRNA Background In recent years, periodontal diseases have become a major health problem worldwide. Gingival pockets may be detected with a periodontal probe. This type of inflammation causes pain and discomfort when a person bites down or when a dentist taps on the surrounding teeth. 7. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. PERIODONTITIS 1. The level of oral biofilm contamination of the dentition also influences the clinical presentation. Highfield, 2009. SEMINAR ON The other type of apical periodontitis is symptomatic apical periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis is a common disease of the oral cavity consisting of chronic inflammation of the periodontal tissues that is caused by the accumulation of profuse amounts of dental plaque. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Chronic and aggressive periodontitis: These terminologies were proposed by AAP World Workshop 1999 to explain two forms of periodontitis. is a gram-ve infection that play role in low birth weight individuals. It is generally considered to be a slowly progressing disease. Repeated SRP yielded no improvement, so the tooth was extracted and a removable partial denture placed on #16 and 17. Periodontitis is a gum infection that can eventually lead to a buildup of gingival crevicular fluid, gum disease, alveolar bone loss and attachment loss of the teeth, meaning they will fall out. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. 1 2. This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Bacteria and products causes inflammatory response with stimulation of cytokine production in amnion. chronic periodontitis 1. Chronic periodontitis is one of the seven categories of periodontitis as defined by the American Academy of Periodontology 1999 classification system. II CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS A localized, B generalized III AGGRESSIVE PERIODONT ITIS A localized, B generalized IV PERIODONTITIS AS A MAN IFESTATION OF SYSTEMIC DISEASES A- Associated with haematological disorders Acquired neutropenia, leukaemias, other B- Associated with genetic disorders 1) familial and cyclic neutropenia 2) Down syndrome 3) leukocyte adhesion deficiency syndrome 4) … interactions between microbial factors a nd susceptible hosts [91, 92] . If you think you may have gingivitis or periodontitis, you are not alone. Additional longitudinal studies are needed to validate salivary IL‐1β as a marker for periodontal disease. FIG. Citing Literature. Presented by: Shivani Yadav The classical case presentation of aggressive periodontitis includes early age onset of disease, vertical bone loss in molars and incisor teeth leading to mobility, familial aggregation, rapid progression of the disease. periodontitis as a clinical entity independent from chronic periodontitis, because they share a common genetic basis, which would explain the phenotypic expression of the same disease. 38.6% 35 to 44 years old >6 mm. Chronic periodontitis is often associated with severe orofacial pain. Patients have minimal physical findings aside from local findings at the dental-gingival margins. Periodontitis was reclassified as chronic, aggressive (localized and generalized), necrotizing and as a manifestation of systemic disease. 23 A similar racial/ethnic breakdown appears in aggressive forms of the disease. 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