[95]:114 Serra successfully resisted the efforts of Governor Felipe de Neve to bring Enlightenment policies to missionary work, because those policies would have subverted the economic and religious goals of the Franciscans. The statue was a tribute to Father Junipero Serra, a priest who led the development of the California mission system in 1768, according to the Capitol Hill Museum. [citation needed], Some of the soldiers' families tried to establish a town, and the officer in charge of their deployment approved their plan. [51], Serra and Palóu found—to their unpleasant surprise—that they ruled only on spiritual matters: everyday management of the mission remained in the hands of the military, who had occupied the Baja missions since evicting the Jesuits. Schools named after Serra include Junípero Serra High School, a public school in the San Diego community of Tierrasanta, and four Catholic high schools: Junípero Serra High School in Gardena, Junipero Serra High School in San Mateo, JSerra Catholic High School in San Juan Capistrano, and Serra Catholic High School in McKeesport, Pennsylvania. He imposed it, giving us no choice in the matter. [86] The body of a sailor, Alexo Niño, who had died the day before aboard the San Antonio, was buried at the foot of the newly erected cross. (Al Seib / Los Angeles Times) For a time Saturday, it looked as if a statue of Junipero Serra outside City Hall in downtown Ventura might join the growing ranks of toppled figures. It also boasts over 1,000 chapters in 44 countries. Coveting cloth, some begged Serra for the friar's habit he wore. In calling for the removal of images of Saint Junipero Serra from public display in California, and in tearing down his statue in San Francisco and in Los Angeles, protesters have failed that test. But the claim by Palóu that Serra translated the catechism into the Pame language is questionable, as Serra himself later admitted he had great difficulties learning indigenous languages. [citation needed], In the 18th century, most Catholic speculation regarding the ultimate end of unbaptized infants was still in line with the early Church Fathers such as Augustine of Hippo, who believed that unbaptized infants would receive the mildest chastisements in Hell, but no reward. As head of the order in California, Serra not only dealt with church officials, but also with Spanish officials in Mexico City and with the local military officers who commanded the nearby garrison. But their craving for Spanish cloth irritated the soldiers, who accused them of stealing. Friar Fernando Parrón, who had sailed on the San Carlos as chaplain, had become weak with scurvy as well. (Tom Spence/KVTA News) Last week, the Ventura City Council voted to remove a bronze statue … Serra then departed for Mexico on October 17, 1772 to plead his case to the viceroy Antonio María de Bucareli y Ursúa. "[4] Junípero Serra is the second native saint of the Balearic Islands after Catherine of Palma. On June 25, as the party struggled to cross a series of ravines, they noticed many Indians following them. A statue of Father Serra outside the Ventura City Hall was also announced to be moved soon by the city due to fears that protesters would also destroy that statue. [59], On Pentecost day, May 14, 1769, Serra founded his first mission, Misión San Fernando Rey de España de Velicatá, in a mud hut that had served as a makeshift church when friar Fermín Lasuén had traveled up on Easter to conduct the sacraments for the Fernando Rivera expedition, the overland party that had preceded the Portolá party. Many Jesuit priests died along the rugged mountain trail to Veracruz, where overloaded ships waited to carry the survivors across the Atlantic to the Papal States on the Italian peninsula. "It might be necessary," wrote Serra to the guardian of the college of San Fernando, "to change the site of the mission toward the area of Carmel, a locality indeed more delightful and suitable because of the extent and excellent quality of the land and water supply necessary to produce very abundant harvests. [96], Serra wielded this kind of influence because his missions served economic and political purposes as well as religious ends. Over the next nine years he worked in the college's administrative offices, and as a missionary and inquisitor in the dioceses of Mexico, Puebla, Oaxaca, Valladolid, and Guadalajara. Bucareli requested Serra set his grievances in writing, which led to the drafting of the Representación. Carnivorous Plants at the Huntington Gardens. Serra placed both hands upon their heads as a token of paternal affection. "Pedro Fages and Miguel Costansó: Two Early Letters From San Diego in 1769". Follow us on social media to add even more wonder to your day. The next morning his leg was raw and bleeding. Yet the Archivo General de la Nación in Mexico City, with over a thousand volumes of indexed documents on the Inquisition, apparently contains only two references to Serra's work for the Inquisition following his 1752 appointment: his preaching in Oaxaca in 1764, and his partial handling of the case of a Sierra Gorda mulatto accused of sorcery in 1766. They now had less than 80 miles (130 kilometers) to reach San Diego. The statue was a tribute to Father Junipero Serra, a priest who led the development of the California mission system in 1768, according to the Capitol Hill Museum. He was a very caring person and forgiving. CNA Staff, Jun 20, 2020 / 09:41 am MT ().-A statue of Catholic missionary St. Junipero Serra was toppled in a San Francisco park Friday, along … In calling for the removal of images of Saint Junipero Serra from public display in California, and in tearing down his statue in San Francisco and in Los Angeles, protesters have failed that test. [151], On September 27, 2015, in response to Serra's canonization, the San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo Mission was vandalized. His fellow volunteer, Friar Francisco Palóu, became Serra's assistant in his first mission. [146], In 1884, the Legislature of California passed a concurrent resolution making August 29 of that year, the centennial of Serra's burial, a legal holiday. Strictly following the rule of his patron saint Francis of Assisi that friars "must not ride on horseback unless compelled by manifest necessity or infirmity," Serra insisted on walking to Mexico City. In the process, he orchestrated the development of a chain of missions that helped give birth to modern California. "[123] Francis further noted: "Instead of seeming to impose new obligations, (Christians) should appear as people who wish to share their joy, who point to a horizon of beauty and who invite others to a delicious banquet. "[39], According to modern Franciscan historians, this report by Serra to the Inquisition is the only letter of his that has survived from eight years of mission work in the Sierra Gorda. By Devin Watkins. Erecting 14 stations, Serra led the procession himself, carrying an extremely heavy cross. Soldiers and settlers let their cattle graze on Christian Pames' farmlands and bullied Pames into working for them. In these last days a certain Cayetana, a very clever Mexican woman of said mission, married to one Pérez, a mulatto, has confessed—she, being observed and accused of similar crimes, having been held under arrest by us for some days past—that in the mission there is a large congregation of [Christian non-Indians], although some Indians also join them, and that these persons, ... flying through the air at night, are in the habit of meeting in a cave on a hill near a ranch called El Saucillo, in the center of said missions, where they worship and make sacrifice to the demons who appear visibly there in the guise of young goats and various other things of that nature. [79], Bolstered by the food unloaded from the San Antonio, Portolá and his men shifted their sights back north to Monterey, specified by José de Gálvez as the northern stake of Spain's empire in California. Went Wild for an 18th-Century Scottish Novelist, This Miniature Quran Bears Witness to an Immense History, The Archaeologist Who Collected 4,500 Beer Cans, Lessons on Enduring a Lonely Winter From Antarctic Voyagers, How a Blacksmith in Jordan Created His Own Sign Language, In Naples, Praying With Skulls Is an Ancient Tradition, Inside a Domed Pyramid With Astounding Acoustics and a History of Miracles, http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Readers-sound-off-on-statue-Pointed-opinions-2902669.php, http://archives.smdailyjournal.com/article_preview.php?id=159762, http://www.roadsideamerica.com/story/20795. Discover Junípero Serra Statue in Hillsborough, California: This controversial depiction of the "Founder of California" looks as though it was sculpted from mashed potatoes. After receiving the last sacraments, he later died from the ordeal. "[27] Serra asked his colleague to read this letter to his parents, who had never attended school. November 25, 2020; The St. Junipero statue (above) -- similar to the one at Santa Clara Univ. Please click below to consent to the use of this technology while browsing our site. No purchase necessary. A statue of Junipero Serra in San Rafael was pulled down Tuesday by protesters with the Coast Miwok tribe. Paddison, p. 23: Fages regarded the Spanish installations in California as military institutions first, and religious outposts second. Protesters marched into and sat outside the office of Marin County District Attorney Lori Frugoli Monday, demanding prosecution of five people arrested for toppling a statue of Fr. Rioters pulled down and defaced a statue of Serra in Sacramento on July 4. Archbishop Salvatore Cordileone, head of the archdiocese of San Francisco, stands at the site where Father Junipero Serra's statue once stood in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park.