Since the start of Ukraine's independence movement in 1990, the square has been the traditional place for political rallies, including four large-scale radical protest campaigns: the 1990 student "Revolution on Granite", the 2001 "Ukraine without Kuchma", the 2004 Orange Revolution, and the 2013–14 Euromaidan. This is Kiev’s main square and social heart of city. In 1919, the square was renamed Soviet Square. This full-day In 1976-77, as a part of metro construction, much of the square was again rebuilt, and it was renamed October Revolution Square (Ploshcha Zhovtnevoyi revolyutsii). One of the eminent activists during that time became Paraska Korolyuk. Ukrainian protesters smash a statue of Vladimir Lenin in Kyiv's Maidan (Independence Square) in 2013. Main Edition of Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia. The monument was built in a compositional center of the square to the 10th Anniversary of the independence of Ukraine in 2001. During the Soviet period, the square was used for demonstrations and parades in honor of May 1 (until 1969), Victory Day and the October Revolution. It was architecturally integrated with the newly constructed Khreshchatyk in the typical (for the time) neo-classical Stalinist architecture. The square was the site of Euromaidan protests beginning in November 2013, progressing to violent clashes, fires, and ending in the February 2014 Ukrainian revolution. After the Orange Revolution, Maidan Nezalezhnosti continues to attract political protesters, but no protest related event has ever approached the scale of the Orange protests. At Maidan Nezalezhnosti metro station, there are bronze plaques on the walls dedicated to 1917, a remnant from when this was October Revolution Square station. KYIV, UKRAINE - MAY 31, 2020 - A fountain functions in front of the statue of Saint Michael the Archangel and the renovated Trade Unions building in Maidan Nezalezhnosti as seen on Kyiv Day, Kyiv, capital of Ukraine. In the autumn of 1990, students' protests and hunger strikes also known as the Revolution on Granite at the Maidan resulted in the resignation of the Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR Vitaliy Masol.[11][12]. Maidan Nezalezhnosti at night. As a model of the Berehynia statue, the author Anatoliy Kushch chose his daughter, American artist Christina Katrakis. Statue in Maidan - Kiev - Ukraine (26898026612).jpg 2,736 × 3,648; 2.76 MB Ukraine-Kyiv-Maidan Nezalezhnosti-Mamai monument.JPG 2,288 × 1,712; 814 KB Майдан незалежностi. The name comes from the location where the protesters gathered – the Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square) – which is a central space in Kyiv and a place with a long history of civic and political action. Development rapidly intensified after the mid-19th century, when the territory gradually became the commercial center of Kyiv, which underwent an immense boom during the Russian Industrial Revolution, becoming the third most important city in the Russian Empire. In the 19th century, the square contained buildings of the city council and noble assembly. Maidan is a Ukrainian word for "square, open space", with widely used equivalents in the Middle East and South Asia to refer to an open space in or near a town, used as a parade ground or for events such as public meetings. One of the fountains of the square is decorated with statues of legendary brothers Kie, Schek, Horiv and their sister Libed. The square was fenced off for construction and became inaccessible for the protesters and many observers claimed that the main goal of the project ordered by the city mayor was to disrupt the [15] The square was covered in protesters all day and night since 1 December 2013. Maidan Nezalezhnosti, Kiev, Ukraine, Eastern Europe. From 1935, it was called Kalinin Square, after Mikhail Kalinin, the first chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Statue of Berehynia on the top of Independence Monument on the Maidan Nezalezhnosti in Kiev, Ukraine During the first couple of years after the war, the square was completely rebuilt from scratch. Following the construction, the old familiar look of the square, with its many fountains, was significantly altered and the public reaction to the new look of the square was mixed at first. Royalty-free stock photo ID: 306231620. In 2001, as the square was the major center of the "Ukraine without Kuchma" mass protest campaign, the new extensive construction of the area was abruptly ordered by the Kyiv mayor of the time, Oleksandr Omelchenko. Statue of the Kiev founders in the Independence Square , during the riots of 2013-2014. Maidan Nezalezhnosti: Watch the Netflix documentary before going - See 1,732 traveler reviews, 2,176 candid photos, and great deals for Kyiv (Kiev), Ukraine, at Tripadvisor. A line from the Kyiv tram, the first electric tram built in the Russian Empire (opened 1892) reached the square in 1894. Sometime during the 18th century, the new Pecherski Gates were erected; they stood until 1833. As the central Kyiv square, following the end of Soviet era the Maidan has been the centre of public political activity. One of the city's main squares, it is located on Khreshchatyk Street in the Shevchenko Raion. The statue is made of a cast bronze and weighs about 20 tons. Find Kievukraine11 March2018maidan Nezalezhnosti Square Kyivoverhead Drone stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. [13][14] Mass rallies for political candidates, however, have attracted large numbers, with the 2009 "Batkivshchyna" party congress (during which Yulia Tymoshenko was nominated as a candidate for president) being a notable example that brought nearly 200,000 people to the square. The word also was borrowed into neighboring Turkic languages, as in the Crimean Tatar and Turkish meydan, which are the likely sources of the borrowing into Ukrainian. The company AERO3Dengineering in 2019 year was developed 3D model Independence Monument. Prices and download plans . Similar Images . [16][17][18] On 27 January 2014, Ukrainian police reported a 55-year-old man from Western Ukraine found dead hanging from the framework of a huge artificial 'New Year tree' in central Kyiv. Maidan Nezalezhnosti is the central square of Kiev, the capital city of Ukraine. The Process of Politicization: How Much Politics Does a Society Need? The monument itself is a column with a figurine of a woman (Berehynia) with guelder-rose branch in her arms. Media in category "Monument of Independence (Kiev)" The following 141 files are in this category, out of 141 total. Similar Images . The most known one was the Orange Revolution in 2004 and the recent revolution in 2014 – the whole world could see this place in the news then. Add an extended license. Book your tickets online for Maidan Nezalezhnosti, Kyiv (Kiev): See 1,735 reviews, articles, and 2,185 photos of Maidan Nezalezhnosti, ranked No.28 on Tripadvisor among 670 attractions in Kyiv (Kiev). In December, protesters in Kiev took down a statue of Vladi­mir Lenin, one of many Soviet-era monuments to fall in Ukraine. In the 1830s, the first wooden dwellings were built on the site, and in the 1850s stone buildings appeared. Most notably, Christmas Fairs and New Year celebrations were moved to Sofiyivska Square.[3]. 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